It was long nearly 2.5 km (1.55 miles) (more precisely, 2,437 meters); of those, 1137 meters (0.7 miles) spanned the bed of the Danube River. There was also a bronze statue of Trajan on that side of the bridge. Top 10 Geopolitical Issues of Romania: Corruption, Emigration, Russia, Hungarians, Moldova, Et Al. Constantine the Great (27 February 272 AD — 22 May 337 AD) is a towering figure in Roman, European and Western history. Fragments of ceramics, bricks with Roman markings and coins have been excavated. Victor said that the bridge was built and then, "camps and forts were strategically placed in many locations." Engineers waited for a low water level to dig a canal, west of the modern downtown of Kladovo. The bricks can still be found around the village of Kostol, retaining the same physical properties that they had 2 millennia ago. In 306, upon the death of their leader, the soldiers of Constantius acclaimed Constantine as emperor, more specifically, as Augustus.7 Constantine’s usurpation provoked harsh reactions among the reigning tetrarchs as well A mitigating circumstance was that the year the relocating canals were dug was very dry and the water level was quite low. The effect of finally defeating the Dacians and acquiring their gold mines was so great that Roman games celebrating the conquest lasted for 123 days, with 10,000 gladiators engaging in fights and 11,000 wild animals being killed during that period.[6]. This is a list of crossings of the Danube river, from its source in Germany to … Historic HD videos of British Columbia Canada 1965 from CriticalPast are royalty-free and available for immediate download. Ulpia Oescus is some 5 km (3 miles) south of the Danube and the bridge built by Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great. Fought by the Roman Emperor Constantine against a rival claimant to the throne, the usurper Emperor Maxentius, the battle ultimately resulted in the conversion of Constantine to Christianity. Nikopol, and the site of the future Archaeological Park with fishing settlements from the Paleolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, the Roman Antiquity, and the Middle Ages carried out in cooperation with Romania’s Turnu Magurele stand about 40 kilometers east of the ruins of the huge Ancient Roman colony of Ulpia Oescus and Constantine’s Bridge, a 4 th century AD Danube Bridge … The second longest bridge was the monumental Trajan's Bridge which was situated further upstream from Constantine's. In talks between the two parties, the EU's initial view was that there should be a single lane in each direction. Roman bridges , built by ancient Romans, were the first large and lasting bridges built. Aurelius Victor was a historian who lived circa A.D. 320- 390. (According to some researchers, the fortress of Constantiana Daphne was located across from the Transmarisca Fortress (in today’s Bulgarian Danube town of Tutrakan); according to others, it was located on the left bank of the Lower Danube where Constantine’s Bridge was, and was opened together with the bridge). and Beyond. For the episode, see Constantine the Great. OCTOBER 28th, 312AD The Battle of the Milvian bridge is one of the defining battles in world history. This has led to the assumption that Constantine’s Bridge was no longer in operation by that time. Chinese. "Constantine the pious crossed the Danube very many times, and made a bridge for it in stone." It was also this year that Constantine constructed another bridge, this time across the Danube. Dacia (/ ˈ d eɪ ʃ ə /, DAY-shə; Latin: [ˈd̪aːkija]) was the land inhabited by the Dacians.The Greeks referred to them as the Getae (east of Dacia) and the Romans called them Daci.. Dacia was bounded in the south approximately by the Danubius river (), in Greek sources the Istros, or at its greatest extent, by the Haemus Mons. At each end was a Roman castrum, each built around an entrance, so that crossing the bridge was possible only by walking through the camps. Taming the beast is no walk in the park, and the Danube–Tisa—Danube Canal system needed all the ingenuity of Serbian engineers to come to fruition. The remains of the bridge reappeared in 1858 when the level of the Danube hit a record low due to the extensive drought. Chronicon Paschale Now It’s Gotta Survive Biden, Trump Was Good for the EU. 1-866-933-7368(U.S) 1-626-389-8668(Int) service@tours4fun.com There were 20 pillars in total in an interval of 50 m (160 ft). It is known that in 332 AD, Constantine the Great’s son and co-emperor, Constantine II (r. 337 – 340 AD) used the bridge to cross the Danube with a large army to fight the Goths, Sarmatians, and Alans north of the river. The bridge has strong pillars on two rows in the river bed, probably following the same ingenious technique applied by Caesar on the Rhine. On the right bank, at the modern village of Kostol near Kladovo, a castrum Pontes with a civilian settlement was built in 103. It reads: The text was interpreted by Otto Benndorf to mean: The Tabula Traiana was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and is protected by the Republic of Serbia. The so called Constantine's Bridge on the Danube was 2.5 km long, 6 meters wide, and was the largest river bridge in ancient times. Constantine's Bridge + + - - + - - - - - + - - - 4 Q3063225: 8 + 33 Danube Bridge ... 1.^ The language editions of Wikipedia used in the tables are from those countries where the Danube river flows. Winning the Battle of Milvian Bridge not only solidified Constantine as the sole ruler of the Empire but also cemented Christianity’s place as an official religion. ^ In terms of overall length, the bridge seems to have been surpassed by another Roman bridge across the Danube, Constantine's Bridge, a little-known structure whose length is given with 2437 m (Tudor 1974b, p. 139; Galliazzo 1994, p. 319). He built a bridge over the Danube. The Danube Bridge (formerly known as the Friendship Bridge; Bulgarian: Мост на дружбата, Most na druzhbata or, more commonly, Дунав Mост, Dunav most; Romanian: Podul Prieteniei or Podul de la Giurgiu) is a steel truss bridge over the Danube River connecting the Bulgarian bank to the south with the Romanian bank to the north and the cities of Ruse and Giurgiu respectively. Decorations were designed by Bulgarian architect Georgi Ovcharov. A well-preserved street in the large Ancient Roman city of Ulpia Oescus whose ruins lie near Gigen, Pleven District, in Northern Bulgaria, as seen in July 2016. He also mentioned the bridge in De Caesaribus 13.4 and 41.13. Constantine the Great was present when the bridge was opened on 5th July 328. The earliest identified Roman caisson construction was at Cosa, a small Roman colony north of Rome, where similar caissons formed a breakwater as early as the 2nd century BC: Fernández Troyano, Leonardo, "Bridge Engineering - A Global Perspective", Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003, In the first century BC, Roman engineers had employed wooden caissons in constructing the, Monuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance, Archaeological Sites of Exceptional Importance, Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance, The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, Danube Virtual Museum: Trajan’s Road – Trajan’s Canal- Trajan’s Bridge, Immovable Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance, Headquarters of the Main People's Liberation Comity of Serbia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trajan%27s_Bridge&oldid=1001525422, Ancient Roman buildings and structures in Serbia, Buildings and structures in Mehedinți County, Buildings and structures demolished in the 3rd century, Demolished buildings and structures in Romania, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 02:14. Материалът Saints Cyril and Methodius е публикуван за пръв път на Danube Bridges. [2], The bridge's engineer, Apollodorus of Damascus, used wooden arches, each spanning 38 m (125 ft), set on twenty masonry pillars made of bricks, mortar, and pozzolana cement. It is to remark on the map in figure 5, the name “Pons Traianii Imperator”, and its position on the Danube. Constantine the Great (Latin: Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Ancient Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Αύγουστος, romanized: Kōnstantînos ho Aúgoustos; 27 February c. AD 272 – 22 May AD 337), also known as Constantine I, was a Roman Emperor who ruled between AD 306 and 337. construction of bridges on the lower part of the Danube showed the importance of conquering and administrating the ancient province of Dacia. Constantine’s Bridge was 5.7 meters (18.7 feet) wide, and rose about 10 meters (33 feet) above the waters of the Danube. A bronze head of Emperor Trajan has also been discovered in Pontes. This bridge probably marked the start of a Gothic campaign. The structure was 1,135 m (3,724 ft) long (the Danube is now 800 m (2,600 ft) wide in that area), 15 m (49 ft) wide, and 19 m (62 ft) high, measured from the surface of the river. Though it was only functional for 165 years, it is often considered to be the longest arch bridge in both total and span length for more than 1,000 years.[1]. The bridge seems to have been surpassed in length by another Roman bridge across the Danube. The piers were 44.46 m (145.9 ft) tall, 17.78 m (58.3 ft) wide and 50.38 m (165.3 ft) apart. But in 312 Constantine won the battle at the Milvian Bridge under the sign of the cross. [7], The wooden superstructure of the bridge was dismantled by Trajan's successor, Hadrian, presumably in order to protect the empire from barbarian invasions from the north. Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts urged for the plaque to be preserved and the government accepted the motion. In 1726, Italian scholar Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli noted in his work Danubius Pannonico-Mysicus that seven of the pillars of the Constantine’s Bridge were visible. Following the demise of Constantine’s Bridge in the 4th century AD, the next bridge across the Lower Danube in the section that has been shared by modern-day Bulgaria and Romania since 1878 has been the “Bridge of Friendship” at Ruse – Giurgiu built at the initiative of Soviet Union dictator Joseph Stalin (as both countries had been part of Soviet Bloc in Eastern Europe at the time). The Danube (/ˈdænjuːb/ DAN-ewb, known by ) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga River, and also the longest river in the European Union region. The End of the Tetrarchy After Diocletian divided the Roman empire in three in 298, each of the three regions was assigned to a separate dominus and all of them together ruled the enormous empire. [7], In the end it was decided to dig in a new bed into the rock 22 m (72 ft) above the plaque's original location. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'archaeologyinbulgaria_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',321,'0','0']));Constantine’s Bridge on the Danube River, the largest river bridge in ancient times, was a bridge in the Roman Empire which connected the major city of Ulpia Oescus (today’s Gigen in Northern Bulgaria) in the Moesia Superior province with Sucidava (today’s Corabia in Southern Romania) in the Dacia Province. The plaque was then cut in one piece with the parts of the surrounding rock and road. [3][4] It was built unusually quickly (between 103 and 105), employing the construction of a wooden caisson for each pier. It was completed a year after Stalin’s death, in 1954. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archaeologyinbulgaria_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',361,'0','0']));The third Danube Bridge in the Bulgarian – Romanian section has been the New Europe Bridge at Vidin – Calafat completed in 2013 with EU funding. This bridge probably marked the start of a Gothic campaign. He was, to be sure, too desirous of praise, as is able to be ascertained. [6] It is considered today that the bridge construction was assembled on the land and then installed on the pillars. I cannot emphasize enough the significance of this event in world history. Constantine the Great (27 February 272 AD — 22 May 337 AD) is a towering figure in Roman, European and Western history. It was officially opened on July 5th, 328 in the presence of the emperor Constantine the Great. Constantine’s Bridge on the Danube River, the largest river bridge in ancient times, was a bridge in the Roman Empire which connected the major city of Ulpia Oescus (today’s Gigen in Northern Bulgaria) in the Moesia Superior province with Sucidava (today’s Corabia in Southern Romania) in the Dacia Province. Too Bad the EU Didn’t Take Advantage. Emperor Constantine himself attended the inauguration. The New Europe Bridge, previously known as the Danube Bridge 2 (Bulgarian: Дунав мост 2, Dunav most 2), and informally called the Calafat-Vidin Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост Видин–Калафат, Most Vidin–Kalafat; Romanian: Podul Calafat–Vidin), is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Vidin, Bulgaria and Calafat, Romania. The 3.2 km (2.0 mi) long canal bypassed the problematic section of the river in an arch-like style. Constantine VII. [1] It was crowned in Byzantine times by a chapel dedicated by S. Helena to emperor Constantine I (r. 324-337 AD). I have just modified 2 external links on Constantine's Bridge (Danube). Danube region, but provided his tacit assent. Espanol - ES. Porphyrogennētos, “born in the purple”) (905–959), East Roman emperor, author and patron of literature, was the son of Leo VI. The Danube is a vast and mighty river. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archaeologyinbulgaria_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',341,'0','0']));It was inaugurated on or around July 5, 328 AD, in the presence of Emperor Constantine the Great. Constantine's Bridge was a late antique bridge in Mysia, modern-day Turkey. Even though it was less then 6 meters wide, the bridge rose 10 meters above the water surface and was over twice as long as Trajan’s Bridge, spanning 2434 meters. Ariaric also known as Ariacus was a 4th-century Thervingian Gothic pagan ruler (reiks, kindins) He was succeeded by Geberic. Construction of the bridge was part of a wider project, which included the digging of sideway canals so that whitewater rapids could be avoided in order to make the Danube safer for navigation, building of a powerful river fleet and defense posts, and development of the intelligence service on the border. Trajan's Bridge (Romanian: Podul lui Traian; Serbian: Трајанов мост / Trajanov most), also called Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube, was a Roman segmental arch bridge, the first bridge to be built over the lower Danube and one of the greatest achievements in Roman architecture. Constantine’s Bridge, the largest bridge of the ancient times was built in the 4 th century, under the reign of the Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It occupied several hectares and was built concurrently with the bridge. Constantine's Bridge (Romanian: Podul lui Constantin cel Mare; Bulgarian: Константинов мост, Konstantinov most) was a Roman bridge over the Danube.It was completed or rebuilt in 328 and remained in use for no more than four decades. Keywords: Danube bridges, pontoon bridge, Bridge of Constantine the Great, Columna The longest bridge, and one of the longest of all time, was Constantine's Bridge with an overall length of 2437 m, 1137 m of which crossed the Danube's riverbed. Soon after arriving, Constantine found his father on his deathbed. Near this bridge is the Castle of Sucidava, built to protect the bridge and the lands to the south. Nikopol, and the site of the future Archaeological Park with fishing settlements from the Paleolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, the Roman Antiquity, and the Middle Ages carried out in cooperation with Romania’s Turnu Magurele stand about 40 kilometers east of the ruins of the huge Ancient Roman colony of Ulpia Oescus and Constantine’s Bridge, a 4 th century AD Danube Bridge built by Roman … The structure, built after 258 AD, crossed the river Rhyndacus (modern Adırnas Çayı) at Ulubad (Lopadium). The first permanent bridge on the Lower Danube was built at the order of Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great (r. 306 – 337 AD). Bulgaria makes case for four lanes on Danube bridge. The bridge was situated east of the Iron Gates, near the present-day cities of Drobeta-Turnu Severin in Romania and Kladovo in Serbia. ^ In terms of overall length, the bridge seems to have been surpassed by another Roman bridge across the Danube, Constantine's Bridge, a little-known structure whose length is given with 2437 m (Tudor 1974b, p. 139; Galliazzo 1994, p. 319). The ruins of Ulpia Oescus are arguably Bulgaria's ultimate archaeological experience Roman bridges were built with stone and had the arch as the basic structure. The bridge was situated east of the Iron Gates, near the present-day cities of Drobeta-Turnu Severin in Romania and Kladovo in Serbia. Copyright © 2021 Archaeology in Bulgaria. The Life and Times of Constantine the Great, Constantine: Roman Emperor, Christian Victor, Ancient Rome: A Complete History of the Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire, Chronicling the Story of the Most Important and Influential Civilization the World Has Ever Known, ****************************************************************************, Support ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com on Patreon. The water was redirected 2 km (1.2 mi) downstream from the construction site, through the lowland of Ključ region [sr], to the location of the modern village of Mala Vrbica. By 367 AD, the army of Roman Emperor Valens (r. 364 – 378 AD) had to cross the Danube for his campaign against the Goths using a bridge of boats (pontoon bridge) at Constantiana Daphne. The location of Constantine’s Bridge on the Danube River between today’s Bulgaria and Romania – the largest river bridge in ancient times. The bridge build at the order of Emperor Constantine the Great, included as Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Opened on 20 June 1954 and designed by Soviet engineers V. Andreev and N. Rudomazin, the bridge is 2,223.52 m (7,295.0 ft) long and was, at the time, the only bridge over the Danube shared by Bulgaria and Romania, with other traffic being served by ferries and land routes. Works began in September 1967 and were finished in 1969. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. From Peace To War: How Emperor Constantine Came To Rule Rome. The bridge was constructed in 105 AD by instruction of Emperor Trajan by architect Apollodorus of Damascus, from Damascus, Roman Syria, before his Second Dacian War to allow Roman troops to cross the river. The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today flows through 10 countries. As the heavy equipment necessary for lifting major boulders from the river bed and dragging them onto the bank wasn't available at the time, the Roman engineers decided to cut the canal through the stone slopes on the west bank. It existed for up to 40 years in the 4th century AD. Few bridges connected the cities and the fortresses existing on the both sides of the Danube River. Constantine's Bridge (Danube) Constantine's Bridge (Podul lui Constantin cel Mare; Константинов мост, Konstantinov most) was a Roman bridge over the Danube. And That Is a Great Thing! Photo: Adrian Gheorghe Through its campaigns at the Danube border, it recovers some of the territories of Dacia (which had been abandoned by the legions of Emperor Aurelian). Aurelius Victor was a historian who lived circa A.D. 320- 390. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Porphyrogenitus (Gr. In reality, the true bridge of Constantine the Great is located 16 km below Vadin, between Oescus and Sucidava, and has been well-defined by modern research. On account of the legends inscribed on many structures, he was accustomed to call Trajan "Wall Plant." It is generally true that … When the plan for the future hydro plant and its reservoir was made in 1965, it was clear that numerous settlements along the banks would be flooded in both Yugoslavia and Romania, and that historical remains, including the plaque, would also be affected. [8] The superstructure was destroyed by fire.[2]. Chronicon Paschale The motion of cutting the table in one piece and placing it somewhere else was rejected as the plaque would lose its authenticity. On the left bank there was a Drobeta castrum. This took place in A.D. 328. He also mentioned the bridge in De Caesaribus 13.4 and 41.13. 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