It will also look at Lothal’s contributions to human civilisation in the fields of art, city planning, science, and so on through archaeological findings and the. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Every aspect was planned out to the smallest detail. 36. D) Bhader done clear. ... Indus Valley Civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient river valley civilizations. is by road as it is barely a two-hour long journey. The main sewer, 1.5 meters deep and 91 cm across, connected to many north-south and east-west sewers. It has some of the most substantial remains of the Harappan culture in India, dating from 250 to 1700 BC. Very close to Lothal’s dockyard is the remaining structure of the warehouse where the trade material would have been stored. People of Lothal traded in gems, beads and ornaments. The most unique aspect of planning during the Indus Valley civilization was the system of underground drainage. Workers' housing. At that time, the surrounding Kutch desert of was a part of the Arabian Sea. In 1954, archaeologists discovered the world’s earliest known evidence of building and using an artificial dockyard in Lothal, which must have connected the city with the ancient course of Sabarmati river. This site is called Lothal. Due to its proximity to the Gulf of Kutch, Lothal had access to a large variety of shells from which they made unique ornaments, fish hooks, spears and other weaponry. History Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams. Lothal - CityShor tells you most recommended Tourist places to visit in and around Ahmedabad. Today, the sea is over 19 km away from the Lothal site. The excavation of Lothal proved that Gujarat had some well developed ports with dockyards and different kind of trading facilities even in ancient times. There are lots of beautiful places in the UK. It is said that then the dockyard could hold 30 ships of 60 tons each or 60 ships of 30 tons each. It was made from bricks smoothened and joined together seamlessly. Alternatively one can enjoy a scenic long walk through the countryside adorned with cotton fields. Ships would sail in from Egypt, Sumeria and perhaps Africa to berth in the dockyard, bringing goods from these places in exchange for the beads manufactured in Lothal as well as cotton, shells, copper and semiprecious stones. This was the earliest known dock found in the world, equipped … The hit TV series 'Vikings' from the History Channel is all set to end this year. was responsible for the town being well connected to the sea and had important trade and commerce relations with other centres. People want to be in... Have you also fallen prey to the recently famous Spanish series called 'La Casa De Papel' (in English known as ‘Money Heist’) and are... Advertising is one of the most important factors that help the tourism industry to generate tourists from both the local and international marketplace. Although this theory was contested by archaeologists who said that the dock was an irrigation tank, owing to Lothal being a small town, it was proven false by scientists who discovered marine microfossils in the dockyard which clearly pointed to the fact that it was filled with seawater at some point. Among the Indus valley sites of India, Lothal in Gujarat is a prominent one. Lothal probably had a dockyard connected with the Gulf of Cambay by a channel. Set in the dried river bed, along a silted bed of the channel (where occasional) tidal water can still be seen, in the archaeological site of Lothal the typical … The Lothal of today is an obscure site located near the village of Saragwala in Ahmedabad district of Gujarat. Thuban’s equatorial coordinates FK4 B1950 are: α 14h 03m 01.963s, δ 64°36’51.57” and its proper motions in α and in δ are, respectively, -0.009s ±0.001 and 0.015”±0.001 [1]. The city endured multiple floods and storms during its time but the town was extremely dedicated and quick to repair the damage. HARAPPAN CIVILISATION - See 180 traveler reviews, 239 candid photos, and great deals for Ahmedabad, India, at Tripadvisor. A well-preserved bead factory which was responsible for their economic prosperity can also be found here. Lothal is located between the Sabarmati river and the Bhogavo river and is now 10 kms. This has been identified as a ‘tidal dockyard’. The dock was built on the eastern flank of the town, and is regarded by archaeologists as an engineering feat of the highest order. The dock is roughly 200 meters long and about 35 meters wide. In India: Extent …the estuarine trading post at Lothal on the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay), as well as many other sites, some of which are major. 32. Every site adds to the mystique and scale of civilization. It was located away from the main current of the river to avoid silting, but provided access to ships in high tide as well. This town was having a dockyard where Ships used to come and… Modern oceanographers have observed that the Harappans must have possessed great knowledge relating to tides in order to build such a dock on the ever-shifting course of the Sabarmati, as well as exemplary hydrography and maritime engineering. A circular kiln reveals the advanced technology that they employed to make high-quality beads. © Amusing Planet, 2021. Lothal was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, ... bringing to light the inlet channels and nullah ("ravine", or "gully") connecting the dock with the river. Although this theory was contested by archaeologists who said that the dock was an irrigation tank, owing to Lothal being a small town, it was proven false by scientists who discovered … The hydraulic knowledge of the ancient Harappans can be judged by the fact that boats could dock at Lothal in the 1850's. At Lothal, a brick dockyard connected to the Gulf of Cambay by a channel has been discovered. The people of Lothal also had a sophisticated weight measurement system. On way did not see any boards on road indicating direction of Lothal and we had to take help of GPS. Which type of seals was the most popular in Harappan culture. This ancient city also introduced new forms of realistic painting which displayed animals in their natural surroundings. Join now. The business of import was proven by archaeological findings that were not local. The city was a thriving trade centre in ancient times and dealt in various types of beads, gems and ornaments. Due to its proximity to the Gulf of Kutch, Lothal had access to a large variety of shells from which they made unique ornaments, fish hooks, spears and other weaponry. Lethal's dock-the world's earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. The remains of stone anchors, marine shells, sealings which trace its source in the Persian Gulf together with the structure identified as a warehouse further aid the comprehension of the functioning of the Lothal port. The dock also possessed a lock in the form of a wooden door that could be lowered at the mouth of the outlet to retain a minimum column of water in the basin so as to ensure flotation at low tides. All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved. The dock was built on the eastern flank of the town, and is regarded by archaeologists as an engineering feat of the highest order. Photo: Abhilashdvbk/Wikimedia Commons, 5,000-year-old foundation in immaculate shape. A lot of terracotta figurines of various animals like goats, dogs were discovered along with toy-sized clay carts, and board games etched out on flat stones. World’s oldest dockyard. 1. The excavations led to a discovery of a lot of prominent structures of the ancient city along with numerous antiquities that were produced by its people and used for trade and day-to-day activities that are now displayed in the Lothal museum. Whose origin was traced back to Bahrain channel to which one among following..., underground and surface drains and a drinking well other Harappan towns existed at the site has a adjacent. Has changed its course during all these years the people were subject to some kind trading... 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