A far cry from the Impressionists' focus on stylistic representation over emotional depth, members of Die Brücke sought to elicit a stirring response from the viewer through the use of primitive subjects, disconcerting colors, and distorted configurations. As its name suggests, Expressionism is characterized by the use of paint to depict and exaggerate emotions and feelings. In fact, the term “Expressionism” was coined by Czech historian Antonin Matějček in 1910 to specifically mean the “opposite” of Impressionism. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Expressionism was a modernist movement that was developed as an avant-garde style, originating in Germany in 1905-1925 years. The second and principal wave of Expressionism began about 1905, when a group of German artists led by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner formed a loose association called Die Brücke (“The Bridge”). Franz Marc, “Blue Horse I,” 1911 (Photo: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain). Filmed without an agenda or schedule, the resulting artwork is totally organic. Here, in Munch's most famous painting, he depicts the battle between the individual and society. Artist: Edvard Munch Throughout his artistic career, Munch focused on scenes of death, agony, and anxiety in distorted and emotionally charged portraits, all themes and styles that would be adopted by the Expressionists. Germany: Heinrich Campendonk, Emil Nolde, Rolf Nesch, Franz Marc, Ernst Barlach, Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Erich Heckel, Otto Dix, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Max Beckmann, Conrad Felixmüller, Carl Hofer, August Macke, Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler, Ludwig Meidner, Paula Modersohn-Becker, Gabriele Münter, Max Pechstein and Käthe S… In this article I summarize the key aspects of the movement and what you can learn from it. Expressionism, artistic style in which the artist seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. In expressionist art, colour in particular can be highly intense and non-naturalistic, brushwork is typically free and paint application tends to be generous and highly textured. 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