Climate change is a direct threat to the national security of the United States and is impacting the stability in areas of the world both where the United States Armed Forces are operating today, and where strategic implications for future conflict exists. [Washington]: President of the U.S https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.pdf, 35 United States. St. Martin’s Press: New York, NY 1994. Often the Director of National Intelligence’s testimony may contradict an administration’s official view of current threats, as was recently seen in the debate between former DNI Dan Coates and President Trump with regards to ISIS.7 Thus, the constant tug and pull between the executive and legislative branch will continue to exist, with congressional hearings critiquing executive policies and funding mechanisms in tension with executive orders. Global climate change will have wide-ranging implications for U.S. national security interests over the foreseeable future because it will aggravate existing problems—such as poverty, social tensions, environmental degradation, ineffectual leadership, and weak political institutions—that threaten domestic stability in a number of countries. U.S. National Security. As the President has made very clear, no challenge poses a greater threat to future generations than climate change, as we are already seeing these threats in communities across the country. The United States continues to be involved in myriad international conflicts: military operations in the Yemen; trade policy jousting with China; and an increasingly consequential Arctic becoming a new arena among Great Power competitors. The “Report on National Security Implications of Climate-Related Risks and a Changing Climate” was provided to Congress yesterday. The Security Council debate on 17 April was a … Some present information on historically observed changes (e.g., temperature, precipitation) while others project changes into the future based on alternative scenarios (e.g. This is complicated: The second-order effects of attempts to mitigate climate change will have seismic effects for global energy systems. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. [Washington]: President of the U.S http://nssarchive.us/NSSR/1991.pdf, 36 United States. The increasing frequency and intensity of major storms has caused direct material and economic damage to the armed forces: following Hurricane Michael in October 2018 alone, Offutt Air Force Base required $5 billion in repairs.16 Even with $750 billion in funding, the U.S. defense budget fails to adequately address the costs of climate change. A new Arctic strategy needs to be integrated into the broader national security and defense strategies; otherwise the United States’ overall security will be undermined by competition from rival states in the Arctic. Extreme weather also prevents the requisite conditions for training, which in turn leaves the military unable to adequately maintain readiness levels in preparation of conflict. The climate century is upon us: the earth is warming, humans are to blame, and we must take immediate action now to prepare for climate change’s massively disruptive consequences. The National Security Implications of Climate Change: Redefining Threats, Bolstering Budgets, and Mobilizing the Arctic, How the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Impacts the United States, and Why the United States Must Embrace its Entry into Force, The Rule of Law Report: A story of preemption, political symbolism, and dialogue in the European Union, Strategic Demilitarization in Sri Lanka: Paradoxes and Trajectories, Standing Rock Protests and the Struggle for Tribal Sovereignty. Stavridis says global climate change, which is causing the polar cap melt, has an especially “pernicious” effect on national security because it is hard to see and often occurs over time. The National Security Impacts of Climate Change The Center for Climate and Security (CCS), the Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI), and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, held a briefing discussing the role of climate change as a "threat multiplier" in the geopolitical landscape and the implications that has for U.S. national security. To conclude, the impact of climate change on national security for the United States requires defining the threat in strategic documents, budgeting for weather damage and degradation, and reconstituting an arctic strategy to meet this arena’s changing dynamics across economic and military interests. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. 2500, 116th Cong. Much ink has already been spilled on the significant potential economic impacts of climate change identified in the report, but another significant takeaway has drawn less attention: During this administration, concerns about the national security implications of climate change … Naval War College’s (NWC) 2019 graduating class participate in a commencement ceremony on Dewey Field in Newport, R.I., June 14. " The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. At the national level, UN Environment will develop and deploy a state-of-the-art methodology to help stakeholders map and prioritize climate change and security hotspots. Strategically and operationally, this affects both our ally’s and adversary’s behavior leading to the open-ended question—what does it mean if the Department of Defense (DoD) adopts a posture that focuses on the strategic implications of climate change? “Carter: Return to Sequestration Biggest Threat to National Security,” Military, 2016. https://www.military.com/daily-news/2016/03/17/carter-return-sequestration-biggest-threat-national-security.html, 5 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, H.R. Advancing U.S. economic, technological, environmental, security and defense interests in this internationally competitive environment requires a deeper understanding of the “blue” or ocean economy and how that connects to the U.S. naval and national security concerns. To reduce the national security implications of climate change, combatant commands are integrating climate-related impacts into their planning cycles, officials said. A forward presence is required by the Coast Guard to uphold sovereignty. 5 Intelligence analysts from the National Security … The Department of Defense budget, as assessed by the Chief Comptroller, actually showed a decrease in infrastructure spending from fiscal years 2018 to 2019, from $7.2 billion to $6.4 billion. (April 8, 2019). Indeed, both the congressionally-mandated 2018 National Climate Assessment (NCA) and United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports make clear that … Naval Forces addresses both the near- and long-term implications for U.S. naval forces in each of the four areas of the TOR, and provides corresponding findings and recommendations. With the Arctic becoming more habitable, it will become a place of geopolitical competition and power projection between both Arctic and near-Arctic nations. The dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia over the construction of the massive Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Nile is likely to intensify because Ethiopia plans to begin filling the reservoir in 2017.11, The impending threat of climate-driven civil unrest, or even outright conflict, is plausible, particularly in the Middle East and Africa.12 A Department of Defense report specifically named the Chad Basin and Tanzania as priorities for military-to-military defense environmental international cooperation program candidates.13 Climate change will affect smaller, poorer countries most drastically.14 As a result, the United States will be forced to respond to allies with both aid and relying on military partnerships for humanitarian missions. Unlike other national security documents, this report is influenced less by political agendas and paints a clear picture of yearly security trends. Climate change and its resulting effects are likely to pose wide-ranging national security challenges for the United States and other countries over the next 20 years through the following pathways:  Threats to the stability of countries. Wanted to Hide Nukes in the Arctic Ice Tunnels. Testimony from Rod Schoonover: 'The National Security Implications of Climate Change' Updated Jun 8, 2019 at 10:45 AM EST 1991. frequency of intense storms in the future). For more than ten years, it has warned of the potential security implications of climate change. This is complicated: The second-order effects of attempts to mitigate climate change will have seismic effects for global energy systems. From now on a stable climate is no longer a valid planning consideration. Climate change was first publicly recognized as a major concern for the Pentagon in May 1990, when the U.S. 6)", Lectures of Opportunity: "Navy Foreign Area Officer Capabilities Brief", Naval War College and Brown University Co-host 4th Annual Civilian-Military Humanitarian Response Workshop, Issues in National Security: "National Security and Space", Issues in National Security: "Civil-Military Relationships", Arctic security in an age of climate change. National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. https://www.northcom.mil/About-USNORTHCOM/, 30 Brennan, David.  Adverse effects on food prices and availability. A budget that is explicit in addressing this tension is necessary. … 2017. The allocation of resources into narrow areas, such as the Obama administration’s “Pivot to Asia” or the Trump administration’s investment to update the nuclear triad illustrate the limited focuses of each national security strategy.18,19 Elevating climate change to the level of a national security threat is essential to maintaining high combat readiness in an increasingly-complex world, where the U.S. military will be called upon continually to serve in climate-driven conflicts. The implications of climate change for Australia's national security, with particular reference to: a. the threats and long-term risks posed by climate change to national security and international security, including those canvassed in the National security implications of climate … Not only does this impact where, when, and why the United States gets involved around the world, the economic implications are cross-cutting at home. These effects will have particularly important security implications for major legacy hydrocarbon producers and countries that invested heavily in energy exploration and infrastructure during the 21st-century commodity … [Washington]: President of the U.S https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.pdf, 34 United States. For more than ten years, it has warned of the potential security implications of climate change. It is an outcome of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held during April 28-30, 2011 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, sponsored by the NATO Science for Peace and Security Program. This instability may provide fodder for terrorist organizations, which are adept at exploiting instability to recruit foot soldiers for extremist causes.6. 90-105, 4 Sisk, Richard. 2 February 2017. https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2017/february/shift-coast-guard-dod. This conference explores the national security and economic implications of climate change on the current and future security landscape. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: NATIONAL SECURITY IMPLICATIONS Carolyn Pumphrey Editor May 2008 This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. The assessment judged that global climate change will have wide-ranging implications for U.S. national security. To avoid these pitfalls in an increasingly complex threat environment, greater flexibility should be permitted in order to enable the Department of Defense to transfer and reprogram funds more easily. There will be nearly 6 billion people in the Asia–Pacific by 2050. The White House also released a new report on the national security implications of climate change and how the Federal government is rising to the challenge. The “New Era” 1991 national security strategy of President George H.W. 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