Aethelwulf: Noble Wolf. both; who, which (of two)? 6 Viking Leaders You Should Know 1. 2. http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/lrc/eieol/norol-BF.html, Jackson Crawford, YouTube Old Norse lecture series, Instructor of Nordic Studies and Nordic Program Coordinator, University of Colorado, Boulder, Regia Anglorum: Mik Lawson: miklawson@yahoo.co.uk, http://www.mun.ca/mst/heroicage/issues/8/sayers.html, The Society for Creative Anachronism: Viking name generator . Here's our list of Old Norse words in English. guard, attend to, tend, watch over; take care of; keep watch; minor rogation day (day of prayer and fasting in Western Christianity) (m). custom, manner, kind, type; (m); activity, habits, behavior (m pl); grave destruction; breaking open of a grave-mound (n). It’s a multi-connotation word that has to do with guiding, going to war, and diplomacy, but … happen, happen to, befall, come to pass; change, become; have to, be obliged to; chance to be; take place; Verdandi (personal name, mythological) Becoming or Happening, one of the three Norns (f). get; beget, obtain, persuade, be able to, get done; speak of, mention; guess, think, suppose; relate, tell of; engender; (with ppart.) Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Old Norse Online Base Form Norse leader. Norse - The World Leaders! With the Norse invasions of Britain it is possible to aid your fellow Vikings and therefore have a premise to take over th… Final battle of Norse mythology, including the great battle with deaths of major gods Asgard One of nine worlds, capital city of Norse Gods; includes Valhalla, ruled by Odin and Frigg help, support; guidance; party, followers; following; follow, accompany; help, give help to; side with; be attached to, belong to; attend to, be a quality of; hold together; serve; appertain to (v). 892 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 895 /H [ 878 793 ] /L 272227 /E 10906 /N 168 /T 254268 >> endobj xref 892 14 0000000016 00000 n 0000000649 00000 n 0000000738 00000 n 0000001671 00000 n 0000001845 00000 n 0000001951 00000 n 0000008803 00000 n 0000008998 00000 n 0000009337 00000 n 0000009674 00000 n 0000010210 00000 n 0000010598 00000 n 0000000878 00000 n 0000001649 00000 n trailer << /Size 906 /Info 889 0 R /Encrypt 894 0 R /Root 893 0 R /Prev 254257 /ID[<101a9164add60296d98df2e841916fe3><101a9164add60296d98df2e841916fe3>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 893 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 870 0 R /JT 888 0 R /Outlines 516 0 R >> endobj 894 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /V 1 /R 2 /O (y—SlBÕŸQ5ğ­óòìÍúrúgx§��/œ) /U (Ãc¤�F.<. He was the first known European to have set foot on the North America continent (excluding Greenland), prior to Christopher Columbus arrival. The hamrcould be manipulated for shape-shifting, for example, or could change color after death. know; be aware of; understand; be certain of; know how (to); know of; find out; see; penalty, punishment, liability to penalty; injury, misfortune, prophetess, seeress; witch, sorceress, soothsayer (f), guard, watch; warden; coastguard, watchman (m), wergild, the legal value of a man's life (m), Empress Zoe the Great, c. 978 – 1050 AD, Byzantine Empress (f), tale, short story, 'strand' of rope or yarn (m), freeman; subject; a good man; servant (m). Norse Mythology for Smart People provides an accessible, entertaining, and reliable introduction to the Vikings’ mythology and religion, with scholarly sources cited for everything. Hamr – one’s physical appearance which, however, would and could change. See also Finnish ruhtinas. grasp, catch, hold; wrestling, contest, provisions; breast; track; subject; conduct, deeds; condition (n). Amwolf: The majestic and powerful like an Eagle Wolf. Name Meaning. fall, collapse; flow, stream; fall loosely (of clothing); mind; mood; thought; heart; desire; spirit; temper; courage; servant, retainer; farmhand; king's man (m), whence, from where, from everywhere (adv). The Norse Gods have active since ancient times where Odin became the ruler of Asgard, as well the leader of the Norse Gods and Valkyries, and he gave away his left eye to the Mímisbrunnr. back one another; means of existence, way (of going on); resort, refuge, vera, vesa, waræ (‡), vara (‡), væræ (‡). make, build; write, compose; make a story of; give, offer; act, do; become, turn out, happen; Gorm (personal name), first king of the Jelling dynasty in Denmark, made, built; done; ready; sent; done for, finished off (adj), grass; herb; pasture; vegetation; plant (n), grass-covered clefts (in the hillside) (f pl), ground, bottom; broad surface; surface of the earth, earth, Gylfir (personal name), king in Sweden, name of a Viking, midday, noon, high day, a roughly three hour portion of the day beginning at noon (n). drive, herd; drive onto shore, wreck; avenge, take vengeance for; depose; thrust; jetsam; driftage, a thing drifted ashore, wreck (m), Refsstadir (place name) Ref's farmstead (m pl). The Jotun were the Norse giants, who lived in the realm of Jotunheim. They cast her in the underworld, into which she distributes those who are sent to her; the wicked and those who died of sickness or old age. hell; Hel, abode of the dead, separate from Vahalla, and ruled over by a goddess of the same name; death; flat stone, flat slab of rock, flagstone (m), most willingly; most of all; exceedingly (adv), Hengjankjapta, a giantess killed by Thor (f), hinder, make difficulty; bind, fetter; hold back, restrain (v), Herjólfsnes; Herjólf's Headland (place name) (n), regional military leader in Norway; chieftain (m), horizon or precinct of heaven, rim of heaven, sky, court; a king's or earl's bodyguard; the king's men, retainers (f), keep; mind, care, care for, hide, conceal; keep in a box or chest; hirðumat fælask - let us not be frightened (v). boundary; banner, standard; token, mark, sign; sample; evaluate, estimate, value; set a price (v), Midgard, Middle-Enclosure, Middle Earth; the world of men (m). This dictionary, in both Old Norse to English and English to Old Norse versions, is derived from the sources listed at bottom. be able to, get accomplished; take place; struggle; wrestle; take part in; move, affect; Fafnir, a son of Hreidmar who turns himself into a dragon, brother of Regin (m), glad (to be glad); rejoice at, welcome (v). This did not by any means imply that all members of this pantheon followed Odin's orders, but they all shared a unifying goal of maintaining their powerful realms on the first layer of Ysgard. go, walk; advance; take place; extend; go on, last; turn out; Gangleri (personal name, mythlogical), Wanderer, the false name adopted by the Swedish king Gylfi, enclosed space, yard; farmyard, enclosure; court; fence; dwelling-place; stronghold, castle (m), bold, daring, courageous, or warlike man or woman; dauntless man, gallant fellow (term of endearment) (m), affection, liking; mind; disposition; wits; sense; inclination (n). The title given to such a leader was that of respect rather: old kings were "frea," meaning respected and wise; younger ones were drotten, "vigorous and warlike." Norse form of the name of the Germanic god Tiwaz, related to Indo-European dyeus (see ZEUS). - Too clean has no taste. cause, reason, sake; action; charge; offense; suit, lawsuit, dispute; wergeld, ransom, or compensation for a dead son (n pl), wisdom; branch of learning, body of knowledge (f), track, trail, footprint; step, foothold; wound (n), tail; shield tail, lower pointed end of a shield (m), spring up, burst forth; start, spring; sprout; make spring apart, split (v), jump, spring; issue forth; burst; die from overexertion or grief (v). This list is not intended to be comprehensive. The Old Norse poems Völuspá, Grímnismál, Darraðarljóð, and the Nafnaþulur section of the Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál provide lists of valkyrie names. share, hand out; distribute; mediate; make a compromise; midnight, also a roughly three-hour portion of the day beginning at midnight (f), middle evening, a roughly three hour portion of the day beginning about 6:00 p.m. (m). just, fair; right, correct, straight; unswerving; direct; Reykjanes, Headland of Smoke (place name) (n), Rifsker (place name), Rocky or Rib Reef (n), great man,prominent man, wealthy man, man of power (m), powerful, great, magnificent; mighty (adj), rise time, time to rise, a roughly three hour portion of the day beginning about 6:00 a.m. (n). few; little; a small number; cold, reserved; go, move, travel; behave, act (as); fare, have fortune; turn out, happen; receive, suffer; seaman, seafarer, sailor, merchant, trader (m), firmly; fast, strongly, hard; certainly (adv), firm, fast; hard, severe; continuous (adj). place, lay, put; put down, lay down; move, bring; stab, thrust, throw; make; give; bone (hollow bone of arms and legs); leg; road, path; way, journey; manner, fashion (f). cut, shear; cut through; cut open, pierce; make incisions, carve; slaughter; ski; snow-skate; stick; wood (block of wood); wooden tablet or stave; one of the boards forming a door frame; shields in a row on the bulwarks of a ship, 'fortress of the snow-skate (of the sea)' (m). Corey is an interesting name from a range of backgrounds. If an overlord became too permanent or ambitious, he could be assassinated, a pattern of … strike (a blow); cut, chop, hack, hew; behead; slaughter; carve; wood, woodland, forest; rough, stony hill or ridge (n). listen to, hear; (impers.) ); reach, touch, strike against; happen, come to pass; talk, parley, conversation; consultation; reckoning, enumeration, list (n). day, daylight, dawn (m); daylight hours, days, time (m pl); day-meal, the chief meal, eaten about 9:00 a.m. (m), Dainsleif, the name of Hógni's sword, Dain's inheritance, judgment (whether favorable or unfavorable) (m), death tidings; sæghia dÇ«uðar-orð - slay one in a fight (n), Draupnir, dripper, a gold ring possessed by Odin with the ability to multiply itself, bleed, ooze (of blood from a slight wound) (v). captain, commander, leader (m) forkunnar : exceedingly (adj) forlǫg : destiny; fate (n pl) formaðr : captain, leader, chieftain, (lit fore-man) (m) formælandi : supporter, advocate, speaker on one's behalf : formáli : stipulation, condition; preamble, foreward, preface; formula; charm (m) for-man (‡) ruler (m) forn : old, ancient (adj) forn-kveðit western; from the west; west (of); bearing to the west; Iceland geography (from the west-fjord district of Iceland), Westlands,the British Isles and France (n pl). Hugr –one’s personality or character which continued on after death. take, capture, catch, seize; take hold of, grasp, pick up; reach, touch; begin; undertake; choose; accept, receive; begin (with infin. folk, people, men; troop, host of warriors; (poetic) battle; journey, journeying; expedition; movement; supporter, advocate, speaker on one's behalf, stipulation, condition; preamble, foreward, preface; formula; charm (m), foster-father; foster-brother; foster-son; fosterling (m). Erik the Red: Founded Greenland’s First Norse Settlement. hanging down his leg) (f), day time, a roughly three hour time of the day beginning about 9:00 a.m.; breakfast time (n). help, aid, be useful, be of avail, be of assistance; be safe for; do, show prowess; ability, skill, prowess; boldness, fearlessness, courage, doughtiness (m). be able to, get done; be obtainable; (with infin.) I’ve created a special font to make it simpler to search for Old Norse over; for; across, through; around, about; concerning, as regards; because of; drinking (excessive drinking), over-drinking, from above, down; downwards; on the uppermost part, at the top of; above the surface of (adv), dark; without light-colored defective spots (of furs) (adj), useless; unprofitable; good for nothing (adj), age; time; [poetic] man (f); mankind, humanity, world; human beings, men (f pl), turbulent river, Ale-Force (foaming waterfall) River, dependent person needing assistance (i.e., children and old people) (f). stab, thrust; layer, position, stratum, layer; fate (preordained fate); lay, order, disposition; land-dues; a tax paid by Icelanders to the king upon arrival in Norway (m pl), resources or quality (good) of a country (m), inhabitant or native of a country, countryman (m), the law of the land, customary rights (m), long fires (down the middle of the hall) (m pl), forefathers, ancestors (through the father's line) (m pl), family tree (long line of forefathers or long line of descendants), length (a long way); for a long time (adv). put, place, set; let, allow, permit; concede, yield; leave, leave off; lose; cause to be done, command; behave (as if); declare; sound; have something done; dead, deceased; goddess, known only as the mother of Loki (f), movable property, as opposed to lands or even to land and cattle (n), free; loose; unimpeded; free of obligation; unsteady; unhindered (by pack horses) (adj). signify, amount to; wait in ambush, waylay; undergo, suffer; bring about, cause; reconciliation, settlement; settlement of suits; atonement, agreement; story; history; what is said, saga, legend; cask, vat; a measure (containing about 150 lbs. look; see; seem; regard; take into consideration; looks, appearance; color(ing); complexion (m). think, believe; give heed to; observe; see; intend, mean; anxiety; in, within; at (position); during (time); among; into (motion), onto; anniversary, return of the same time in a year (f), within the land, at home (as opposed to abroad) (adv), within, inside; in-doors; within the house (adv), witch, 'she who dwells in the wood', giantess. time; period of time; hour; a while, a time; rest; support; provide with supports; use as a support; stab or pierce from all sides; steer, command, direct, rule, govern; manage; wield; own; swing; Hebrides resident, someone from the Hebrides, wood (summer wood) (i.e. of wheat) (n), hall, house consisting of one room; (m) (a complex) dwelling; ground (m pl). turned in a certain direction; gaze; look (in a particular direction); sanctuary (outdoor sanctuary), (stone) altar, temple, Hoskuldsstadir, Hoskuld's farmstead (place name), Hott (personal name), Hood (the Masked One) (m), corpse (of the slain in battle), dead body, carrion (n), frighten; (refl.) need; (impers.) Freyr / Freya: The Lord and Lady of this clan. The earlie… a contractual alliance) (n). The gods had abducted Hel and her brothers from Angrboda's hall. Subjugation CB allows you to take over the kingdom that your primary title resides in (eg. ; each (of two); whether; (introduces direct question); however; to where, whither; hvert er - whithersoever (adv). Aesir, Aegir. Even though ravens were the constant companions of Odin the Allfather, they were not the king of the winged kingdom. explain, interpret, interpret as; signify; win over; equalize (make equivalent); thick, close; sem þykkvast - as close as possible (adj), For notes on the content, structure and navigation of the dictionary (recommended) click, A. From Proto-Germanic *druhtinaz (“ leader, lord ”). should only be used as an aid for further research. Troll Cross – Norse Symbol Protecing Against Trolls And Elves. Rurik, also spelled Rorik or Hrorekr, Russian Ryurik, (died ad 879), the semilegendary founder of the Rurik dynasty of Kievan Rus.. Rurik was a Viking, or Varangian, prince.His story is told in the The Russian Primary Chronicle (compiled at the beginning of the 12th century) but is not accepted at face value by modern historians. Norse raiders can travel throughout the river system (mainly through Rus) 4. 7. give, grant; help; pay, yield; (recip.) hope, expectation, prospect; probability; difficult; evil, (qualitatively) bad, wretched; (morally) bad; wicked; obliging; Vanir, one of the two major groups of gods ( m pl), missile exchange (exchange of missiles) (n), taking up of weapons at the end of the assembly (n), skilled in arms; capable of bearing arms (adj), witness summons, calling of witnesses (f), Vedrfolnir, the hawk which sits between the eyes of the eagle atop Yggdrasill (m), weaving; web (in the loom); thrusting (of spears) (m). This dictionary, in both Old Norse to English and English to Old Commandant: a leader of some military units 11. Aevar - (Son of Ketil), Alfarinn, Alfarin, An, Armod, Arni, Asgrim, Askel, Askell, Aslak, Asolf, Asrod, Asvald, Avaldamon, Avang difficulty, need, distress; harm; poverty; from below, from beneath; without motion - beneath, underneath (adv), no, none; in negative sentence - any (adj). want, wish, will, be willing; intend; desire a service of one; friendship (esp. Here is a look at some of the best Old Norse sayings documented. Come on in to learn all you’ve ever wanted to know about the Norse gods, stories, beliefs, way of life, and more! age; lifetime; old age; long period of time; very wise, sagacious, wise (of a woman) (adj), people (all the people), the majority of the people, the public, the common people (f), armed (fully); a complete equipment of arms, powerful (tremendously or overwhelmingly); fearsome; loathesome, another, other; second, next; one (of two) (adj pron), evening, the separation of day from night (m), early, in the early morning; of yore, long ago (n), cowardly, womanish, effeminate, (passively) homosexual (adj), poor, unfortunate, unhappy; vile, wretched, wicked (adj), Asgard, the residence or fortress of the gods (m), help, aid, protection; inspection; appearance, shape (f), ash, ash tree; ash spear; small ship; the great ash tree, at, in; as to, as, with respect to; on account of, by reason of; close up to, around, by, to, towards, against; from; according to; regarding; concerning; after (prep), alongside (laying of ships alongside for attack), attack (f), treasure, wealth, riches; precious objects. in; of, concerning; on; as, for, to obtain; (of time) until, to, up to the time; homestead; the walls or foundations of a (former) building (f), help, protection, support, confidence (n), dwelling; farmstead; abode; enclosure; courtyard, (enclosed) field; hayfield; homefield; home meadow; (poetic) dwellings, precincts (n), tongue; language; tongue of land at the meeting of two rivers (f), perish, be lost; lose; forget; mistake (v), splint, sail pin (later luff) (ship/sailing term). - A bad rower blames the oar. coin, money; penny; 1/10 eyrir; piece of property, article; advice, counsel; expedient, means; plan; agreement; authority; intention; policy; wish; advise, counsel; consult about; rule; discuss; plot; set, arrange; decide; govern; prevail; have to deal with; go, take one's way; sea-captain, 'Oðin of the chariot (of the sea)' (m), Ragnarok, the twilight of the gods, the world's end (also referred to as the, Ragnar (personal name); Ragnarr loðbrók - Ragnar Shaggy-breeches, a legendary Viking chieftain of the 9th century (m), effeminate, cowardly, (passively) homosexual (adj), parrel (a sliding ring or collar that confines the yard and sail to the mast but allows vertical movement) (ship/sailing term), sail (vertical leech of sail) (ship/sailing term), Rangarvellir (place name), Rang River Plains, Ratatosk, the squirrel that carries insults between Níðhöggr and the eagle (m), red (also frequently as a descriptor for gold) (adj), Regin; son of Hreidmar, brother of Fafnir the dragon (m), harness, trappings; rigging, tackle; ship's equipment (ship/sailing term) (m and n). Option B is correct. facilitate sorting them in a usable order. spring, burst, leap; spring asunder; snap; drive; be sprinkled; stool, chair; bishop's see; king's throne or residence (m), mystery, sacrament; notable thing; great wonders (n pl), rope, cable (ship/sailing term); scroll; bowstring (m), stroke, rub, wipe; caress; smooth, brush (v), beach; strand; shore; coast; border; edge (f). fates, powers of fate; (name of a norn), Urd, Fate, that which should become, one of the three Norns (f). Reality is far more nuanced, though. Leif Erikson was the Norse leader who may have reached North America. Norse versions, is derived from the sources listed choose, select; pick out something for someone, determine; acquire something for someone; can, be in a position to; be able to; may; could (v). In Norse legend this was the name of king, the suitor of a reluctant maiden named Alfhild. Dating back to more than a thousand years, these wisdom sayings of the Vikings are attributed to their poetic and reflective views. Jarl: Full Independent Lordship/Head of Council. strength; physical strength, might, power; exceedingly, very, vehemently, impetuously (adv), bear, give birth to; bring up, raise (children); feed (v). (Note that the spelling of these words is very diverse and depends on the time period and region.) give, grant; give in marriage; (impers.) One of the gods, Loki wanted to start Ragnarök to bring an end to the Norse Gods. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture, Linguistics … The troll cross is an amulet made of a circle of iron crossed at the bottom in a shape of an odal rune. be allowable; succeed; belt of tinder or amadou ("tinder fungus", useful for starting slow-burning fires) (m). Some liberties have been taken with the English definitions to facilitate sorting them in a usable order. (m). Leif Erikson was a Norse explorer from Iceland. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Rurik, also spelled Rorik or Hrorekr, Russian Ryurik, (died ad 879), the semilegendary founder of the Rurik dynasty of Kievan Rus. conversion, combination and formatting, with only a minor amount of scholarship leap, spring; run; climb; fall down on; mount; modern Lejre in Denmark; royal seat of king Hrolf Kraki, gallop; make run; break up (the court) (v), side; mountain-side, hill-side; slope (f), receive; get (as one's lot); be allocated; result; be obliged to (v), fate; lot; part; mestr hluti - most of (m). Rollo: First ruler of Normandy. The religion went into decline around a thousand years ago when Christianity swept through the north of Europe. acquire fame; make great (v), Constantinople, Miklagard, 'mighty stronghold' (m), toast (usually in honor of the dead), memorial cup (n), Measure-tree: well-proportioned tree; tree which measures extent or limits of the world, tree which metes out fate, boy, young man; man; son; (m); kindred (m pl), soil; dirt, mold, earth (as substance) (f), forest; mark (of silver unless gold is specified) (f), against; towards (of time); contrary; meet, escort (prep), Motsognir, "battle roarer", father of the Dwarfs who resides in Nidavellir, ridge (projecting ridge between two valleys) (m), will, shall; to be sure to; be about to; will be; would, must (probability); might (v). Norse people believed that everything we do in life affects future events and thus, all timelines, the past, present and future are connected with each other. break, break up, break open, break into; destroy; violate; deal out, distribute; exert oneself; wergeld, ransom, or compensation for a dead brother (n pl), bridge; causeway built over swampy ground (f), brownish-gray with a dark stripe down the back, mail-less, without mail, unprotected (adj), home, house, household; farming, farm, dwelling; estate; livestock (n). %PDF-1.3 %âãÏÓ clear; light, bright; light colored; fair; manner; mind, temper; mood; nature; character; way; stern (high decked part of stern); poop-deck (f) (ship/sailing term), man; person; human being; husband; henchman (m), brother-in-law; relative by marriage; father-in-law; son-in-law (m), fitting, proper, becoming; deserving (adj), speech, talk; tale, story; information; language; dialect; discussion; conversation; proposition; season, period of time; measure; time, meal-time; case; cause (n), human likeness or form, being in human shape, educated (well educated), accomplished (adj), intelligence; human intelligence, common sense (n), many (adj); many a (with sing); many (with pl), token, sign; lítit mark at - of little account (m). 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