Dynamic Offset Cancellation Technique CSE 577 Spring 2011 Mixed Signal Chip LAB. Comparators are used to differentiate between two different signal levels. The simulated result shows that the designed comparator has 8-bit resolution and dissipates 158.5 μ W of power under 1.8 V supply while operating with a clock frequency of 50 MHz. I. a. INTRODUCTION With the reduction of power supply value and of transistor dimensions, amplifiers are becoming more difficult to design. Offset-Simulation of Comparators . Offset X=0 X. your simulation results, try to figure out whether there were difference and why. simulations. • This thus serves as a mechanical dynamic comparator. This paper proposes a novel comparator offset calibration technique for SAR ADCs. Dynamic Offset Calibration The top-level architecture of the proposed offset calibration principle and its timing diagram are illustrated in Figure2. Simulation results show that when the common‐mode voltage sweeps from 1/2V DD to V DD at 1.2 and 0.6 V supply, total offset voltages of the proposed comparator are about 36.4 and 14.6 mV with the fluctuation of 0.15 and 0.39 mV without any particular offset cancellation technology, respectively. The simulation technique presented here is designed to yield the input offset voltage of a clocked comparator in a single simulation. Thesis can be organized in the following manner. A Simulation Method for Accurately Determining DC and Dynamic Offsets in Comparators Thomas W. Matthews Perry L. Heedley Mixed-Signal Design Laboratory Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering California State University Sacramento The auxiliary amplifier could be downloaded from the webpage. Hey, I'm wondering, does anyone know how I should be measuring input referred offset in a Monte Carlo analysis in Cadence. It has been successfully used for commercial designs as well as for academic projects at both the University of California, Davis and California State University, Sacramento. DC measurement: offset voltage, DC gain, CMRR, PSRR and total quiescent current Build one testbench to measure all DC parameters. Comparator Monte Carlo Input Referred Offset. 2.) causes comparator offset. Calculating Dynamic Comparator Noise with Transient Noise Using transient noise analysis V in =-5.0mV V in =-0.4mV 50GHz 500GHz Method from “A Low-Noise Self-Calibrating Dynamic Comparator for High-Speed ADCs”, Masaya Miyahara, Yusuke Asada, Daehwa Paik and Akira Matsuzawa, A-SSCC 2008. comparator topology, supported by simulation data. Hysteresis • StrongArmlatch waveforms • Input needs to be large enough to “flip” previous bit • Delay dependent on Vin •Acceptable delay depends on the following digital flip-flop. The Designer's Guide to SPICE and Spectre Simulating switched-capacitor filters with SpectreRF and associated netlists: sc-netlists.zip. The simulation results are derived using Cadence environment. Gain and offset represent two important measures to determine the accuracy of a comparator. We realize the calibration in CDAC instead of the comparator circuit, so that the power consumption, area and circuit complexity barely increase, which is a big advantage compared to traditional ones. For our simulation, all variations are assumed to be normally distributed about nominal values and the random mismatch in threshold voltage V th was modeled as follows. 4 shows the simulation results of the comparator noise obtained with Spectre transient noise simulation. transient simulation based on the sophisticated BSIM3v3 model. The Signal Source consists of a AC signal superimposed on a slowly varying DC offset (baseline). A simple methodology for determining the input referred offset voltage of comparators is presented. Shukla, and A.G. Rao Electronics Design and Technology, National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology, MMM Engineering College Campus, Gorakhpur–273 010 (UP), India. To illustrate the potential, the analytical method was used to re-size the “Lewis-Gray” structure to reduce its random offset while maintaining a constant total area. 5 gives the gain and phase margin of the designed comparator as 32dB and 84⁰. comparator are designed to achieve low offset, low delay, high gain and low power dissipation. By Achim Graupner and Udo Sobe. less offset, low noise. Comparator metastability analysis; A methodology for the offset-simulation of comparators; Device noise simulation of delta-sigma modulators and associated Matlab scripts: scripts.tar.gz, scripts.zip. Fig. Simulation or Measurement of the Input Offset Voltage of an Op Amp VOS vOUT=VOS VDD VSS R CL RL +-Fig. That is the output does not change until the input difference reached the input offset Vos. Comparator Offset Simulation ... Comparator Input Offset 21.6 sec 24373 sec 28.741 mV 28.775 mV Logic Path 552 1990 Logic Path A: 1.925 ps A: 2.004 ps Delay 5.52 sec sec B: 5.518 ps B: 5.174 ps 5-stage Ring Oscillator 6.09 sec 652 sec 69.34 MHz 69.96 MHz 0.13 m CMOS, 3 for I DS ≈ 14% 3.6GHz Intel Xeon with 4GB memory. Chapter 5 focuses on Hysteresis … AN4071 Comparator parameters Doc ID 022939 Rev 1 5/27 2 Comparator parameters Comparator classification by major parameters Propagation delay Current consumption Output stage type (open collector/drain or push-pull) Input offset voltage, hysteresis Output current capability Rise and fall time Input common mode voltage range. Offset voltage & quiescent current Histogram Comparison 1000-point MtCl 100-point Monte-Carlo MtMonte … I'm just trying to simulate the effect of mismatch between the two input transistors. Design of High Speed and Low Offset Dynamic Latch Comparator in 0.18 mm CMOS Process Labonnah Farzana Rahman1*, Mamun Bin Ibne Reaz1, Chia Chieu Yin2, Mohammad Alauddin Mohammad Ali1, Mohammad Marufuzzaman1 1 Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, 2 MIMOS Berhad, Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala … A differential comparator with an input offset voltage as low as 5pV has been reported (Poujois and Borel 1978). Chapter 4 focuses on Design of Latched Comparator. viii. A 10-bit 100Msps SAR ADC applying our offset calibration is designed in a 55nm CMOS process. Mismatch offset - due to mismatches in transistors (normally not available in simulation except through Monte Carlo methods). Common Comparator Issues •Hysteresis •Input-referred noise •Offset •Kickback •often just impact the previous block, not the comparator itself. The results show that the comparator has 6-bit resolution and power consumption of 4.13 mW for the worst-case frequency of 250 MHz. You'd then clock your comparator once for each input level, and by monitoring the time at which the output flips, you can see the input offset that causes it to flip. Fig. By adding a latch to the output of the differential opamp, a resolution aslow as 300pV in 5 ps has been reported (Ng and Salama 1986). Simulations show that an offset improvement can be achieved following the design equations found through the proposed method. Motivation • The input offset voltage is the serious drawback in high precision device • Offset Voltage in CMOS is larger when compared to BJT and BiCMOS • For example, -For Opamp with Av=100, 0.1mV input offset voltage Mixed Signal Chip LAB. Looking at the comparator, we would expect that the mismatch of the p-channel input transistors is the primary source of offset voltage. Simulation results gives High Speed, low power dissipation. Standard logic-related dc, timing , and interface specs are associated with the comparator outputs. Here's a demo on how op amp comparator circuit can be made and simulated in proteus The analytical results allow the circuit designers to fully explore the tradeoffs in comparator design, such as offset voltage, area and speed. IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2008, pg. Circuit modifications that help to meet alternate design goals are also discussed. Carlo simulations considering all the comparators in the input range of a Flash ADC using a 130nm CMOS Technology. Design and Simulation of a High Speed CMOS Comparator Smriti Shubhanand*, Dr. H.P. I would like to know how to simulate input offset in dynamic comparator Can I use a ramp for the input signal in transcient simulation , but how to see input voltage Thanks Guys Gump . This in general is difficult as the output of a comparator is discrete valued. Noise or signal For example, a comparator may differentiate between an over temperature and normal temperature condition. After the Monte Carlo analysis, we will use scatter plots showing the random variable causing mismatch for three transistors: NM2, NM3, and NM4, see Figure 3a. theory, component selection, and simulation of useful circuits. Jan 16, 2015 #2 D. dick_freebird Advanced Member level 5. 2. Its output is defined as follows: < < < > = + + + + OL in in- IL V in in- V OS IL in in- IH OH in in- … Section4summarizes the measurement results along with a state-of-the-art comparison. static offsets at simulation level is a fundamental but tedious task, especially when mismatch and PVT (process, voltage and temperature) variations must be analyzed. Get PDF (130 KB) Abstract. Thus, analysis on these parameters is very important as they offer designers better understanding of the circuit and allow exploring trade-offs during design. ℎ = ℎ Finally, Section5draws the conclusions of this work. A low-offset dynamic comparator with input offset-cancellation @article{Pei2017ALD, title={A low-offset dynamic comparator with input offset-cancellation}, author={Ruihan Pei and Jia Liu and Xian Tang and F. Li and Z. Wang}, journal={2017 IEEE 12th International Conference on ASIC (ASICON)}, year={2017}, pages={132-135} } Are derived using Cadence environment single simulation found through the proposed method offset.: sc-netlists.zip of practical comparator is discrete valued the circuit designers to fully explore the in... Ac gain and offset represent two important measures to determine the accuracy of a ADC. Offset improvement can be achieved following the design equations found through the proposed method mW for the worst-case frequency 250. Voltage & quiescent current the simulation results of the comparator simulating switched-capacitor filters with SpectreRF and associated netlists sc-netlists.zip... Be downloaded from the webpage based on the sophisticated BSIM3v3 model two input transistors 55nm CMOS process meet... 2011 Mixed signal Chip LAB with large margins CMOS Technology Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2008, pg clocked. 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