Mr. The King was pleased with Zheng He and the emperor’s kind gesture, and the visit was a friendly one. He returned to Nanjing in 1415. Today the country’s highly disputed “nine-dash line”— which China claims demarcates its control of the South China Sea—almost exactly maps the route taken six centuries ago by Zheng He and his remarkable fleet. They sailed to Java, Sumatra and several other Asian ports before arriving in Calicut, India. Zheng He navigational charts describes more than 530 place names, there are 300 of them were outside the domain, include 16 East African coast, which was the furthest they went((Hadingham. They set sail from Liujiagan Port in Taicang of Jiangsu Province and headed westward. Beat tells the story of the voyages of the great Chinese explorer Zheng He. Zheng He was born Ma He (馬和) to a Muslim family of Kunyang, Kunming, Yunnan, during the Ming dynasty of China. Historians have long speculated as to why the Ming would have abandoned the naval power that China had nurtured since the Song. Once more back on the seas, Zheng He and his large fleet set sail for his fifth expedition (1417-1419). Zheng He’s voyages followed in the wake of many centuries of Chinese seamanship. Find out if it worked.). While a well-equipped navy had been built up during the early years of the Song dynasty (960- 1279), it was in the 12th century that the Chinese became a truly formidable naval power. Once again he stopped in places like Java, Sumatra; and visited ports on the coast of Siam (today called Thailand) and the Malay Peninsula. He went on seven major expeditions to explore the world for the Chinese emperor and to establish Chinese trade in new … Zheng He’s sixth voyage (1421-1422) was his shortest of them all. Information Office of the People’s Government of Fujian Province, Zheng He’s Voyages Down the Western Seas. The forced withdrawal to the south prompted a new capital to be established at Hangzhou, a port strategically situated at the mouth of the Qiantang River, and which Marco Polo described in the course of his famous adventures in the 1200s. Ma He received military training, and soon became a trusted assistant and adviser to the emperor. The Mongols gave a new preeminence to merchants, and maritime trade flourished as never before. It is hard to believe that the ships would have been quite so vast. A description of them appears in adventure novel by Luo Maodeng, The Three-Treasure Eunuch’s Travels to the Western Ocean (1597). Unfortunately, the official imperial records of his voyages were destroyed. Soon, Kublai commanded a force numbering thousands of ships, which he deployed to attack Japan, Vietnam, and Java. Some 600 officials made the voyage, among them doctors, astrologers, and cartographers. Zheng He’s second (1408-1409) and third (1409-1411) voyages followed a similar route to his first. Upon the orders of the emperor Yongle and his successor, Xuande, Zheng He commanded seven expeditions, the first in the year 1405 and the last in 1430, which sailed from China to the west, reaching as far as the Cape of Good Hope. Zheng He became a close adviser to the son of the first Ming emperor, and that son went on to become Emperor Yongle. Chinese sailors were using compasses to navigate their way across the South China Sea. He would be in charge of palace construction and repairs, learned more about weapons, and became more knowledgeable in ship construction.6 His understanding of ships would become very important to his future. He also saw several new animals, which he told the emperor about upon his return. The Ming Dynasty built the Great Wall. Zheng He prepared for the seventh voyage in 1431, and set up a stone monument explaining those travels from his perspective. On his second voyage, in 1408–09, his fleet again visited Calicut and also stopped in Chochin (Kochi), India, to the south. Bohlander, Richard E., ed. Originally born Ma He in 1371, He was captured and castrated by soldiers as a young boy. VoyagesPrincipal VoyageZheng He’s first voyage (1405-1407) began in July 1405. More than 27,000 sailors, government officials, troops, merchants, maintenance workers, and others were transported. Zheng He was a Chinese mariner, explorer, In Islam, Muslim believers are supposed to make a pilgrimage, called a hajj in Arabic, to the Muslim holy city of Mecca (in present day Saudi Arabia). Christopher Columbus and Zheng He were both 15-century explorers who made significant discoveries during their lifetime. Zheng He (郑和; Zhèng Hé), född 1371, död 1435, var en kinesisk amiral och sjöfarare under Mingdynastin.Zheng He ledde under åren 1405 till 1433 sju expeditioner till Sydostasien, Indiska oceanen och Afrikas östkust. Zheng He’s voyages to western oceans expanded China’s political influence in the world. Even so, a recent discovery by archaeologists of a 36-foot-long rudder raises the possibility that some ships may have been as large as claimed. His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433. Perhaps it is odd that China’s greatest seafarer was raised in the mountains. This was the first of seven expeditions of the treasure fleet that Zheng He commanded from 1405 to 1432. The Emperor chose Zheng He to command this fleet. Fagan, Brian. It is probable that the actual size of the ships was smaller, since in later historical periods wooden ships approaching this size (such as HMS Orlando) were unwieldy and visibly u… China: China Intercontinental Press, 2005. Zheng He’s voyages followed in the wake of many centuries of Chinese seamanship. Slot games revolving around ancient Chinese civilisation are not a rare occurrence, but this time we will be focusing on a specific character in Chinese history.. 1421 Voyages of Zheng He is a Spielo video slot game with a lengthy title and a focus on Zheng He, a 15th century Chinese explorer and sailor. Part of the reason so much speculation surrounds Zheng He’s later voyages is the records of them were destroyed. Zheng He’s first voyage (1405-1407) began in July 1405. Later Years and DeathIt was not until 1431 that Zheng He found himself in command of the large Treasure Fleet for his seventh voyage (1431-1433). Alas, the Song’s newfound naval mastery was not enough to withstand the invasion of the mighty Mongol emperor Kublai Khan. Instead of staying at Calicut as he had on previous voyages, Zheng He and his fleet also sailed to the Maldive and Laccadive Islands to the Hormuz on the Persian Gulf.9 Along the way, they traded goods like silk and spices with rulers of other countries. Zheng He's ship is shown to scale compared with that of Columbus at an exhibition in Dubai in 2006. Zheng He’s flag “treasure ship” was four hundred feet long – much larger than Columbus’s. As far back as the 11th century, multi-sailed Chinese junks boasted fixed rudders and watertight compartments—an innovation that allowed partially damaged ships to be repaired at sea. With the nation’s current resurgence, it is no surprise that the figure of Zheng He stands once again at the center of China’s maritime ambitions. Here, they met with the king and presented him with gifts. Beyond the Blue Horizon: How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked the Secrets of the Oceans. Hoon, Hum Sin. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1992. He also visited Thailand, before making his way back to China in September 1422. On this trip, Zheng He sailed into new waters, to the Somali coast and down to Kenya, both in Africa. During Zheng He’s fifth voyage (1417–19), the Ming fleet revisited the Persian Gulf and the east coast of Africa. Amiralen förfogade över en enorm flotta av hundratals båtar och med tusentals man i besättningen. The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. They show that Chinese ships could have ruled the Indian Ocean for many more … The fleet had about 208 vessels total, including 62 Treasure Ships, and more than 27,800 crewman. The dimensions of the treasure ships, as recorded in later historical chronicles, are disputed by scholars. Zheng He was the chief aide of the Yongle Emperor of China in early Ming Dynasty. In 1403, Zhu Di, ordered the construction of the Treasure Fleet – a fleet of trading ships, warships and support vessels. He returned back to China in 1419. After leaving, the fleet traveled to Java, Sumatra; Malacca (the Spice Islands); crossed the Indian Ocean and sailed west to Cochin and Calicut, India. As an admiral, explorer, eunuch, diplomat, and trader, Zheng He led China to become the superpower of the Indian Ocean, considered to be “the world’s most important crossroads of trade”, in the 15 th century. Among around 200 ships of his fleet, most of them were allocated with fire lances and cannons. None of the seven expeditions headed north; most made their way to Java and Sumatra, resting for a spell in Malacca, where they waited for the winter monsoon winds that blow toward the west. (A 1,200-year-old shipwreck reveals how the world traded with China.). Pasir Panjang, Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 2012. Gallery #gallery-1 { margin: auto; } #gallery-1 .gallery-item { float: left; margin-top: 10px; text-align: center; width: 33%; } #gallery-1 img { border: 2px solid #cfcfcf; } #gallery-1 .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0; } /* see gallery_shortcode() in wp-includes/media.php */ General Zheng He – statue in Sam Po Kong temple, Semarang, Indonesia. By the time he returned, the emperor had died. This would begin Zheng He’s maritime career, and some of the most impressive exploration journeys in history. Treasure ships were the largest vessels in Zheng He’s fleet. All rights reserved. He can select from : Cup Feature – golden ball will be hidden under one of 3 cups. He was authorized to return the remaining envoy’s to their home countries. Zheng He’s sixth voyage (1421-1422) was his shortest of them all. Setting off from the coast of eastern China with colossal cargoes, they soon ventured farther afield, crossing the Strait of Malacca while seeking to rival the Arab ships that dominated the trade routes in luxury goods across the Indian Ocean—or the Western Ocean, as the Chinese called it. Ma He burnished his reputation as a military commander with his feats at the battle of Zhenglunba, near Beijing. the Zheng He voyages and their position in world history. The fleet had about 208 vessels total, including 62 Treasure Ships, and more than 27,800 crewman.7 They traveled to present day Vietnam. Zheng He was a Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet Admiral, who commanded voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa. Great Voyages by Zheng He. They sailed to Java, Sumatra and several other Asian ports before arriving in Calicut, India. After Zhu Di became the Yongle emperor in 1402, Ma He was renamed Zheng He in honor of that battle. Here is Canned History #3, detailing the life and adventures of one of the world's greatest explorers: Zheng He. See pictures from along Marco Polo's journey through Asia. Chinese ships had set sail from the ports near present-day Shanghai, crossing the East China Sea, bound for Japan. Unfortunately, the official imperial records of his voyages were destroyed. Il est également possible qu'il soit d'origine cham musulmane, lorsque le royaume Champâ arrivait jusqu'à la bordure méridionale du Tonkin avec le Yunnan au Nord. (Kublai Khan achieved what Genghis could not: conquering China.). The great admiral died either during, or shortly after, the seventh and last of the historic expeditions, and with the great mariner’s death his fleet was largely dismantled. Its first emperor, Hongwu, was as determined as the Mongol and Song emperors before him to maintain China as a naval power. (A 1,200-year-old shipwreck reveals how the world traded with China. Zheng He was born to a noble family in 1371 in the Yunnan Province of China. However, the new emperor limited overseas contact to naval ambassadors who were charged with securing tribute from an increasingly long list of China’s vassal states, among them, Brunei, Cambodia, Korea, Vietnam, and the Philippines, thus ensuring that lucrative profits did not fall into private hands. Zheng He’s second (1408-1409) and third (1409-1411) voyages followed a similar route to his first. En comparaison, les caravelles de Christophe Colomb (1451 – 1506) de 1492 ne dépassaient les 25 mètres de long. Zheng He sailed for about 28 years, he visited more than 30 countries and regions. Shih-shan Henry Tsai, The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996), 157. Según lo describió su familia (de la que se puede dudar de su objetividad), Zheng He tenía "siete pies de alto y un pecho de cinco pies de circunferencia". The Liujiagang and Changle inscriptions suggest that Zheng's life was mostly defined by the treasure voyages and that his devotion to Tianfei was the dominant faith that he adhered to. It shows the extent of geographical information compiled by cartographers of the Chinese court during the 1300s. Once more he sailed to the Malay Peninsula, to Sri Lanka, and on to Calicut in India. New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2012. Ma He, like many children, were taken captive and brought to serve as a eunuch in the Ming Court. Chinese ships had always been noted for their size. Information Office of the People’s Government of Fujian Province, Zheng He’s Voyages Down the Western Seas (China: China Intercontinental Press, 2005), 8. The beginning of his reign saw the conquest of Vietnam and the foundation of Malacca as a new sultanate controlling the entry point to the Indian Ocean, a supremely strategic location for China to control. They set sail from Liujiagan Port in Taicang of Jiangsu Province and headed westward. Ma He’s father and grandfather had both made this hajj, so Ma He often them questions of their journey, along with the people and places they encountered. Pasir Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005. His father was named Haji Ma, and his mother’s maiden name was “Wen”. Zheng He, at thirty-five years old, had the highest rank of any eunuch in the history of China. Columbus’s ship St. Maria was only 85 feet long whilst Zheng He’s flag ship was an astonishing 400 feet. By the orders of his emperor, Zheng He sailed on seven great voyages throughout Asia. Original "EXPLORATION through the AGES" site. Chinese explorer who commanded several treasure fleets – Chinese ships that explored and traded across Asia and Africa. The Song lost control of northern China in 1127, and with it, access to the Silk Road and the wealth of Persia and the Islamic world. The voyages of Zheng He are a favorite topic of world historians today. He would be the official ambassador of the imperial court to foreign countries. He also visited Thailand, before making his way back to China in September 1422. Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. Skilled in the arts of war, strategy, and diplomacy, the young man cut an imposing figure: Some described him as seven feet tall with a deep, booming voice. 1421 Voyages of Zheng Slot. As part of this process, I would like to offer a somewhat revisionist view of the maritime voyages, their impetus, their function, Because of his new and higher position, the Emperor gave Ma He the new name “Zheng” He.5 With his new title came additional duties Zheng He would be responsible for. During this trip, Zheng He temporarily split from the fleet and made his hajj to the Muslim holy city of Mecca. The many stops included trading of spices and other goods, plus visiting royal courts and building relations on behalf of the Chinese emperor. The Ming fleet under the command of Zheng He undertook seven epic voyages between 1405 and 1433. Because of his new and higher position, the Emperor gave Ma He the new name “Zheng” He. A caption on a copy of the Fra Mauro map—the original, now lost, was completed in Venice in 1459, more than 25 years after Zheng He’s final voyage—implies that Chinese ships rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1420 before being forced to turn back for lack of wind. He visited what are now modern-day Vietnam, Thailand, the Malaysian port of Melaka, and the Indonesian island of Java, crossed the Indian Ocean to Kozhikode in India, and stopped at Sri Lanka. In 1381, when Ma He was about 11 years old, Yunnan was attacked and conquered by soldiers from the Ming army, who were under the rule of Emperor Hong Wu. Ma He had one older brother, and four sisters. This fear had reared its head before: In 1424, between the sixth and seventh voyages, the expedition program was briefly suspended, and Zheng He was temporarily appointed defender of the co-capital Nanjing, where he oversaw construction of the famous Bao’en Pagoda, built with porcelain bricks. The fleets that Zheng He commanded on his seven great expeditions between 1405 and 1433 were suitably ostentatious. ), For centuries, the Song had been embroiled in battles along inland waterways and had become indisputable masters of river navigation. Find out if it worked. Ming vase from 1431, of the type traded during Zheng He’s seven voyages. (Credit: en.wiki 22Kartika), IntroductionZheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. Many young boys taken from the province were ritually castrated and then brought to serve in the court of Zhu Di, the future Ming emperor or Yongle. Authorities on Zheng He’s maritime expeditions believe the vessels more likely had five or six masts and measured 250 to 300 feet long. Rather, his voyages were designed as a display of Chinese might, as well as a way of rekindling trade with vassal states and guaranteeing the flow of vital provisions, including medicines, pepper, sulfur, tin, and horses. Zheng He returned to China in 1407. China’s naval power would recede until the 21st century. Having served in the court for many years, Ma He was eventually promoted to Grand Eunuch.This was the highest rank a eunuch could be promoted to. In this drawing, the two flagships are superimposed to give a clear idea of the relative size of these two ships. Conservative Confucians assumed control of the Imperial court, and seeking “inner perfection” first, implemented very isolationist policies. However, most historians agree their main purpose was to promote the glory of Ming dynasty China.1. The new emperor suspended all expeditions. Zheng He’s armada sailed for Calicut, located on the west coast of India. With 63 large ships, and a crew of over 27,000 men, Zheng He set sail. The exact purpose of his voyages, the routes taken, and the size of his fleets are heavily debated because of their unique nature.11 Nonetheless, his leadership and principles have remained known over the centuries in Chinese history. Once more back on the seas, Zheng He and his large fleet set sail for his fifth expedition (1417-1419). Having served in the court for many years, Ma He was eventually promoted to Grand Eunuch.This was the highest rank a eunuch could be promoted to. Between 1405 and 1433, Ming China sent out seven gigantic naval expeditions under the command of Zheng He the great eunuch admiral. World Explorers and Discoverers. The exact purpose of his voyages, the routes taken, and the size of his fleets are heavily debated because of their unique nature. Subsequent VoyagesBy 1417, the Yongle Emperor ordered Zheng He to return the envoys home. Zheng He's Unparalleled Voyages and Grand Fleet Zheng He started his first voyage in the year 1405. General Zheng He - statue in Sam Po Kong temple, Semarang, Indonesia. The vessels’ cargo included material goods, such as rice, tea, and bronze, as well as intellectual ones: a writing system, the art of calligraphy, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Not only did he revist many of the ports he’d been to many times, but also went back to the Mogadishu region of Somalia. But would be almost another 10 years before Zheng He went on his seventh and final voyage. La flotte de la première expédition comptait 317 vaisseaux, dont 62 « bateaux trésors », d’énormes vaisseaux de 110 à 130 mètres de long et de 50 mètres de largequi pouvaient transporter jusqu’à 500 passagers. But would be almost another 10 years before Zheng He went on his seventh and final voyage. July 11 is celebrated as China’s National Maritime Day commemorating his first voyage. The fourth expedition reached Hormuz in the Persian Gulf, and the final voyages expanded westward, entering the waters of the Red Sea, then turning and sailing as far as Kenya, and perhaps farther still. Hoon, Zheng He’s Art of Collaboration, 7. “ancient Chinese explorers” pbs). His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433. They had made their way to China after Zheng He's visits to their homelands in order to present their tribute at the Ming Court. He went via Southeast Asia, sailing down the coast of Vietnam, stopping at Sumatra and Java and then on through the Malay Archipelago and through the Straits of Malacca, crossing the eastern Indian Ocean to reach India and Sri Lanka. Zheng He’s first voyage ended when he returned to China in 1407. On the first voyage, the fleet numbered 255 ships, 62 of which were vast treasure ships, or baochuan. Zheng He's Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Voyages . Ma He received military training, and soon became a trusted assistant and adviser to the emperor. His fleet had over 27,800 people, including sailors and soldiers. These voyages traveled through the South China Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and along the east coast of Africa. During this trip, Zheng He temporarily split from the fleet and made his hajj to the Muslim holy city of Mecca.10 At some point, Zheng He fell ill, and died in 1433. Tsai, Shih-shan Henry. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Explaining the Voyages. Occupation: Explorer and Fleet Commander Born: 1371 in Yunnan Province, China Died: 1433 Best known for: Treasure Ship voyages to India Biography: Zheng He (1371 - 1433) was a great Chinese explorer and fleet commander. Shortly after, Zhu Di became emperor of the Ming Dynasty. (See pictures from along Marco Polo's journey through Asia. Richard E. Bohlander, ed., World Explorers and Discoverers (New York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1992), 466. And the largest one was about 150 meters long and 60 meters wide. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. A port map from Zheng He's travels details features that served to position his ships. [267] Young Ma He was educated as a child, often reading books from great scholars such as Confucius and Mencius.4 Ma He was curious about the world from a young age. (Cabe decir que el pie chino es más pequeño que el europeo) [2] "Sus mejillas y frente estaban altas, pero su nariz era … While serving in the royal court, the Emperor had noticed that Ma He was a hardworking boy. The future admiral Zheng He was born around 1371 to a family of prosperous Muslims. Autre exemple, l’Invincible Armada espagnole de 1588 ne compta… Leo Suryadinata, ed., Admiral Zheng He & Southeast China (Pasir Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005), 44. Sponsor to Zheng He, the Ming emperor Yongle—pictured in a 20th-century illustration— moved his capital to Beijing and built the Forbidden City, seat of imperial power. The problems were certainly not economic: China was collecting enormous tax revenues, and the voyages likely cost a fraction of that income. Biography Early LifeZheng He was born to a noble family in 1371 in the Yunnan Province of China. The Ming victory over the Mongols caused the empire’s focus to shift from the ports of the south to deal with tensions in the north. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Zheng He’s first two voyages followed familiar trade routes to Southeast Asia and India. They then made a show of force by anchoring in Quy Nhon, Vietnam, which China had recently conquered. Brian Fagan, Beyond the Blue Horizon: How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked the Secrets of the Oceans (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2012), 157. China’s greatest naval explorer sailed his treasure fleets as far as East Africa. Over the next decade, Ma He would distinguish himself in the prince’s service and rise to become one of his most trusted advisers. The two inscriptions honored and commemorated the goddess Tianfei. They then proceeded to Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) and Calicut in southern India, where the first three expeditions terminated. Ma He had one older brother, and four sisters.2 His family was Muslim, so when he was born, he was originally named “Ma He.” Ma is the Chinese version of Mohammed, who was the great prophet of the Islamic faith.3 His father and grandfather were highly respected in their community. The voyages were also viewed with suspicion by the very powerful bureaucratic class, who worried about the influence of the military. In order to dominate the trade routes that united China with Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, the emperor decided to assemble an impressive fleet, whose huge treasure ships could have as many masts as necessary. Né en 1371 dans la province du Yunnan, dans le sud-ouest de la Chine, son nom initial est Mǎ Sānbǎo (chinois simplifié : 马三宝 ; chinois traditionnel : 馬三寶 ; pinyin : Mǎ Sānbǎo ; Wade : Ma³ San¹-pao³). The man he chose as its commander was Zheng He. Not only did he revist many of the ports he’d been to many times, but also went back to the Mogadishu region of Somalia. These expeditions traveled along the Indian Ocean trade routes as far as Arabia and the coast of East Africa, but in 1433, the government suddenly called them off. He stopped in many of the same places, including Java, Sumatra, and also brought letters and riches to the different rulers Zheng He met. His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433. Kublai Khan achieved what Genghis could not: conquering China. The author writes that the ships had nine masts and measured 460 feet long and 180 feet wide. Zheng He’s voyages ended abruptly in 1433 on the command of Emperor Xuande. The first of those voyages took place in 1405, and the last in 1433. The two main goods traded during his seven great voyages (1405-1433) were silk and porcelain. The Chinese Emperor really wanted to display the wealth and power China had to offer. His expeditions greatly expanded China’s trade. Information Office of the People’s Government of Fujian Province, Zheng He’s Voyages Down the Western Seas, 22. During the Song dynasty, the Chinese had already reached as far as India, the Persian Gulf, and Africa. The fleet may have numbered 200 vessels or more —warships, supply ships, water tankers, ships to transport horses, and so on. The ships left Nanjing (Nanking), Hangzhou, and other major ports, from there veering south to Fujian, where they swelled their crews with expert sailors. Descripción física. Having toppled the Song and ascended to the Chinese imperial throne in 1279, Kublai built up a truly fearsome naval force. On this trip, Zheng He sailed into new waters, to the Somali coast and down to Kenya, both in Africa. On his third voyage, in 1409–11, he sailed to many of the same places, including Calicut, Malacca, and Ceylon. More than a century before Zheng He, explorer Marco Polo described their awesome dimensions: Between four and six masts, a crew of up to 300 sailors, 60 cabins, and a deck for the merchants. Most marine archaeological finds suggest that Chinese ships of the 14th and 15th centuries usually were not longer than 100 feet. Hoon, Zheng He’s Art of Collaboration, 6. However, most historians agree their main purpose was to promote the glory of Ming dynasty China. His father was named Haji Ma, and his mother’s maiden name was “Wen”. The first three voyages of Zheng He (1404, 1408 and 1409 CE) followed more established trade routes. Millions of trees were planted and new shipyards created. While serving in the royal court, the Emperor had noticed that Ma He was a hardworking boy. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/magazine/2018/07-08/china-zheng-he-naval-explorer-sailed-treasure-fleet-east-africa.html. Hum Sin Hoon, Zheng He’s Art of Collaboration: Understanding the Legendary Chinese Admiral from a Management Perspective (Pasir Panjang, Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 2012), 6. Zheng He’s sixth journey, hurriedly arranged as the emperor put a temporary ban on treasure voyages, took him to distant places. And adventures of one of his voyages were diplomatic, military, and.! Great expeditions between 1405 and 1433 were suitably ostentatious been embroiled in battles along inland waterways and had become masters! Po Kong temple, Semarang, Indonesia Ocean areas finds suggest that Chinese ships of fleet. That Zheng He’s voyages ended abruptly in 1433 on the seas, 22 merchants... 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