0000003254 00000 n 0000005032 00000 n Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. 0000028489 00000 n Planning Promotion Trust and Assitant Professor ( Livelihood and Microfinance Management) with HDF School of Management . This research was therefore proposed with the aim of generating location specific data on livelihood strategies and its determinants in Borena … Livelihood diversification has received much attention from researchers and policy-makers in the past decades, with high hopes that promoting it can offer a pathway for poverty reduction and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2007).The term ‘diversification’ refers to processes taking place at different levels of the economy, which are … 0000013379 00000 n In total 408 livelihood activities were undertaken, of which 245 (60%) involved farming. this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. financial) and indirect (e.g. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. Livelihoods diversification was influenced by factors like markets, climate, population, land shortages, institutions, policies, and livelihoods assets. Several livelihood diversification strategies used by the respondents which include; artisan, hunting and gathering, paid labour, trading and hawking; which could be categorized into two, better explained as off-farm and non-farm income-generating activities. 0000006109 00000 n Salam et al. With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. 0000005880 00000 n 117. 0000002519 00000 n 0000007354 00000 n 0000013225 00000 n /Filter /FlateDecode �����rê��cX>\^p������r}y�yQ���ˋd�m���o&W�3���>�����.`r3M���UU�����a���mN�`�˻������r~{�&��J�:��2WR^V����ߓ9�����s:J�7� The statistical tools used to analyse the data were descriptive statistics, logit regression and t-statistics. 0000005650 00000 n 0000011849 00000 n �q�����*4(��LDGd�G-c���Y1��W���M�� =Gko@��7�*NT61�P"��������g�Yסf�^lge��X/A�w�̾ %��6��)�z�=�0� 0000000016 00000 n Livelihoods diversification is the approach of having more than one income stream across on-farm, off- ��4T�X :�?�pb���t�|:E5�W�)����Fn�����ltf~��^��2ao��E�2�+�Y�c��vm���8t����!�[ yj�s��e�v�Dc��yF]yͅ>�V���n��(�C�oV���[J���R1D� �hߨ ���]�D�� 9Ҍ�;D�^�Q���_b�e����n�C@۰lboF��ep���)1� 0000004412 00000 n 0000004800 00000 n The literature on the "homogenisation" of livestock and crop production systems in semi-arid Africa provides one of the best examples of how what is livelihood diversification for some, is primary production for others. 0000004955 00000 n Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. 0000005266 00000 n 0000002545 00000 n . Some may depend virtually solely on crops (often only maize and beans), or mostly on livestock, while others grow crops, have goats and a dairy cow, plus grow fruit and have some off-farm income. Examples of businesses include selling produce such as tomatoes, mandazi (a dough bun), and fish. 0000024318 00000 n He went to Brussels, where for nearly thirty years he earned a scanty livelihood by his writings. 0000011359 00000 n 0000004336 00000 n 0000005110 00000 n 472. xref 171 0 obj<>stream in casual, part-time and unskilled work compared to full-time work or substantive self-employment. (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. Muhammad Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4. 0000004567 00000 n 0000002945 00000 n Diversification of livelihoods is essential in Namibia because of the semi-arid to arid conditions in which the highest rainfall areas are marginal for rain-fed crop production and drought is a common occurrence. Following the 2007 ... example, access to land, education, finance, etc), (ii) 0000005803 00000 n 0000003100 00000 n The study investigated the role of livelihood diversification strategies for rural household food security in Kembata Tembaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia with … ‘‘Livelihood diversification’’, he elaborates, is ‘‘. 0000003720 00000 n _S!�IZ&���Y?��z�������\@6��C!w�)�2:���"��¦u��"yHE����9E;-�v�̮��t��^�LBq�We5�G�RpH�q���ߗ4��L��.޽�"e��Ge��E>��f��@C.F��z�f�d���J}/���ڴ�k�y�@�ުFc6cLB��R�O�t~�y0[�;��I��E��ڍڀUNI�ޡ����V�9_R��9/��Q!�����Y.������ ��1+�[�ki�ƈV����Y�)N��+\4f ���hJK�f�y��Ws4�>D��;r��o�A!��҇��?G�G��~UǼ8�Ѵ�P���4E$����"��Ϡ�~� մ6M#W�J���Gt��`^ٖ��y�dk,��)�q\�f(^�>yD 0000005188 00000 n This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. In the study, limiting factors and ... of livelihood diversification on household food security . DOI: 10.1002/JID.1419 Corpus ID: 54075370. 0000004108 00000 n %PDF-1.2 livelihood activities like the sale of charcoal and firewood, fruits petty trade, labor exchange, migration, and etc to generate some income in addition to agriculture to fight mainly the food insecurity, but without detail awareness of its wider contribution in poverty reduction [1]. livelihood. Primary data were collected from 220 respondents using structured questionnaire. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. Livelihood literature (Hussein and Nelson 1999; Ellis 2000) suggests that though exogenous trends and shocks play an important role in pushing rural people towards a diversified livelihood strategy, diversification choices are also firmly rooted in the micro-economic logic of … 0000002866 00000 n 0000006420 00000 n Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the 69. Even within a small area, households can pursue heterogeneous livelihood diversification strategies. 0000005574 00000 n 5. 0000003875 00000 n 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. It is proposed that rural people construct their livelihoods via three main strategies: agricultural intensification; livelihood diversification; and migration. the process by which rural households construct an increasingly diverse portfolio of activities and assets in order to survive and to improve their standards of living’’ (p. 15). 103 0 obj <> endobj Hurungwe District . livelihood activities to weather variability provides a prominent example. Thisstudy focused on analyse of livelihood diversification by farming households in Kachia, Kagarko and Jaba Local Government areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria. 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Wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities to their! Resource base [ 8–10 ] to off-farm and non-farming activities further 48 were listed as or. Labor or piecework, which is likely to be farm based which is likely to farm. Fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village their future livelihoods as tomatoes, (... Of livelihood diversification by farming households in Zanzibar the results show that diversification...

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